Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Jambhala (Buddhist Deity) - Yellow

ཛམ་བྷཱ་ལྷ། ནང་ལྷ། 财神(佛教本尊)
(item no. 65701)
Origin Location Himalayan Region
Date Range 1300 - 1399
Lineages Buddhist
Material Metal
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: King

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Yellow Jambhala with Three faces and Six Hands (Tibetan: dzam bha la ser po shal sum chag drug): the principal wealth deity of the Guhyasamaja Tantra.

"Jambhala with a body yellow in colour, three faces and six hands. The three right hold a madu [sweet], hook, and arrow. With the three left, the first embraces on the left side the seated [consort] Prajna. The remaining two [hands] hold a lasso together with a mongoose, and a bow. Adorned with all the ornaments and the hair tied as a crown." (Sadhanamala, DK vol.12, fol.124, edited by Namka Chime).

"Yaksha Jambhala, having the colour of gold, Vajradhara Father and Mother as a crown, three faces, yellow, black and white. With six arms the three right [hands] hold a bijapuraka [fruit], hook and arrow. The three left [hold] a consort similar in appearance, a good lasso together with a mongoose, and a bow. With a large belly and dwarfish in form, the hair is bound in tufts, adorned with jewels and wearing garments of various silks." (Composed by Gendun Drub, 1391-1474, based on the instructions of the Lord of Dharma Tsongkapa. DK vol.10, fol.121).

Jeff Watt, 6-2006 (updated 10-2006)

Secondary Images
Related Items
Thematic Sets
Buddhist Deity: Jambhala, Yellow (Masterworks)
Subject: Couples in Himalayan Style Art
Buddhist Deity: Jambhala Main Page
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Sculpture Gallery II
HAR: Donor Acknowledgement Page